Thursday, August 21, 2014

Azim Premji Fellowship for young turk


invitation you to join the Azim Premji Foundation Fellowship Program (2014–16) Location: • Chhattisgarh – Dhamtari • Karnataka - North East Karnataka and Mandya • Puducherry • Rajasthan - Sirohi, Barmer, Rajsamand and Tonk • Uttarakhand - Uttarkashi, Almora and Udham Singh Nagar Azim Premji Foundation is a not-for-profit organization that works to improve quality and equity in school education across the country. Our vision is to significantly contribute to a just, equitable, humane and sustainable society. The Fellowship is a 2-year full-time program, where you will get to understand and experience the realities of rural Government schools. It includes 22 months of field work based at any one of our District Institutes, combined with class work to conceptualize your experiences. You should have 2 to 6 years of work experience, with a post-graduate or a professional degree in any discipline. We welcome people from a variety of backgrounds. What is important is your willingness to explore the social sector and the desire to contribute. The Fellowship carries a monthly stipend of Rs. 27,000. For more information and to apply online, please log on to www.azimpremjifoundation.org/fellowship

Monday, August 11, 2014

Innovation in Blood pressure instrument development - If you have idea apply for US/India Grant


Blood Pressure Measurement Technologies for Low-Resource Settings in the US and India - Hypertension diagnosis and management are critical needs in both the US and in India, and are opportune areas for technological innovation benefitting low-resource populations in both countries. The purpose of this FOA is to solicit research leading to the development of new blood-pressure measurement technologies for rapid, minimally intrusive, flexible monitoring and management of hypertension in underserved populations. These technologies must be noninvasive and minimally obtrusive. They should be usable in public areas for high-throughput screening, and/or be designed for individual use by untrained individuals in their own homes or regional healthcare settings. These new technologies would make substantial contributions to the improvement of hypertension diagnosis and management in both countries. A companion announcement has been released by the Indian government to support similar research by Indian investigators. All investigators funded by the US or India will share results at a yearly meeting and collaborations will be developed among investigators from both countries as the work progresses. Key Dates posted Date- July 10, 2014 Open Date (Earliest Submission Date) - August 26, 2014 Letter of Intent Due Date(s) - August 26, 2014 - See more at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-EB-14-002.html#_Part_1._Overview The 'million hearts' initiative (http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/index.html) sets a goal of preventing a million heart attacks and strokes over the next five years in the US. One of the four 'ABCS' of this initiative is blood pressure control. A new approach to the control of blood pressure in the 21st century is being made possible by the rapid advances in wireless communication technology, Electronic Health Records (EHR), modern approaches to non-linear control, and an array of effective blood pressure medications. However, central to any control is the actual measurement of blood pressure. The 'modern' technique of blood pressure measurement is over 100 years old. This approach has the key advantage of being relatively accurate. However, it also has some critical disadvantages for use as the sensor element in part of a modern system for blood pressure control or hypertension screening: Requires significant time and effort per measurement Results are not automatically integrated into the EHR This FOA is a call for applications targeting new non-invasive approaches to blood pressure measurement that are less intrusive, faster, less dependent on operator or user skill level than current approaches, and that can operate in low-resource settings such as the home or community environment. While the long-term goal of the project is to develop affordable technologies for low-resource settings, it is anticipated that initial prototyping costs may be quite high. Mass-production of successful prototypes can be considered to be one approach for ensuring affordability of any innovative technologies proposed in response to this FOA. Screening, diagnosis, and management of hypertension are difficult to achieve in low-resource/underserved populations. The need is great for new blood-pressure measurement systems that are affordable and readily available, either in individual homes, regional healthcare centers, or public settings, and are appropriate for the needs of the particular population(s) served. These blood pressure sensing systems must be durable, require little to no maintenance, and must integrate with communications devices such as cell phones and the internet. Blood-pressure measurement depends both on the pressure generated at the heart and on the transmission line characteristics of the arterial system. For the purposes of this FOA, a blood pressure measurement will be considered accurate if the measurement results correspond to the arterial pressure at the site of measurement. - See more at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-EB-14-002.html#_Part_1._Overview Specific Areas of Research Interest Appropriate topics include but are not limited to: High-throughput blood pressure systems: Systems capable of rapidly and efficiently measuring the blood pressure of a large number of individuals. Measurement should integrate with a routine daily activity such as interacting with a door, grocery store checkout, using a key fob, or interacting with other office items, etc. in such a way that there is minimal added effort required from the individual. The cost of these systems could be high on an absolute scale but low on a per-measurement basis. Minimal-interaction, low-cost blood-pressure measurement systems: Such devices should be capable of making measurements in a home environment in a way that achieves the measurement in a time frame that adds little or no burden to the individual. The cost of these systems should be consistent with personal use. These devices may be suitable for in-home use, or in regional care centers. It should be noted that the focus of this FOA is on developing novel non-invasive, minimally intrusive methods for measuring blood pressure. As such, applications that do not propose to design and develop truly novel non-invasive, minimally intrusive methods of measuring blood pressure will be deemed non-responsive to this FOA and will not undergo peer review or be considered for funding. Successful applicants may be asked to share their abstract and specific aims with the Indian funding agency so that the Indian funding agency may fund Indian investigators who best match up with their United States counterparts. Successful applicants will be required to attend an annual meeting with other grantees as well as those grantees who are funded by Indian agencies that are participating in this effort. Successful applicants are expected to share their research progress and ideas at these meetings. Supplemental collaborative studies will be developed through these discussions. Annual meetings will be scheduled alternating between the United States and India. Attendance by key personnel at each annual meeting is mandatory and this requirement should be taken into consideration before applying to this FOA. - See more at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-EB-14-002.html#_Part_1._Overview This is great opportunity for innovators. Do apply. Ask you need any help

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Brief summary of National Seminar on Research Opportunities in Medical Colleges and Role of Medical Faculties as Researcher


Brief summary of National Seminar on Research Opportunities in Medical Colleges and Role of Medical Faculties as Researcher at Rajkot The above title seminar was organized by the Department of Community Medicine, PDU Medical College Rajkot on 17th Jan 2014. There were three faculties form SBKS MIRC and one faculty from Dental College attended. The seminar started at 10 am with inauguration, Vice-chancellor of Saurastra University has inaugurated the seminar. The technical sessions started at 11 am. In first technical session was key note address. Dr Sanjay Zodpey, Director, PHFI, New Delhi had delivered first key note address on ‘Facilitating Research in Medical College- Current status, Changing dynamics and Futute Direction’. First he focused on SWOT analysis of current status of research in medical colleges. There are many strengths bur weakness are large. Main areas of weakness are lack of research aptitude, complicated institutional mechanism, no incentive or recognization to active researcher, poor partnership with various stakeholders, interdisciplinary communication gaps, no leadership position in private or government setup, research competencies, teaching research in medical curriculum and poor programme and policy partnership. He also told that what is meaning of active researcher? At present there is no clear definition of ‘active researcher’. But he told that we can say a medical person who is getting one grant per year or publishing one or two publications in a year can be considered as ‘Active Researcher’. He also told that our all weaknesses can be converted to opportunities. Like we can collaborate interdepartment in college, with government or private, training opportunity to create researchers, create research environment in medical college, develop research skills from undergraduates only so they can become good future researchers and many more. In changing dynamics of research environment he told that Research is the Tool to create knowledge for scientific community and generated knowledge should translated to action for community benefits. We need to understand the Research- Policy – Programme loop. All policies and programme should have available adequate evidences. All researchers should focus on the knowledge generated out of research. Also we need to see that that knowledge shall use for policy programme. He rightly said on future direction on Research in Medical College that we need to act on the creation of Research Environment in Department and College, all medical colleges shall develop excellent Institutional Ethics Committee and Institutional Research Board for active researchers, Incentive must for the active researchers, capacity building of researchers, possible create research leadership position in state government or in private, vision mission statement of each college in context to research and be a partner for change. Second key note address of Dr Manoj Pandey, ICMR, BMHRC, Bhopal spoke on role of medical teacher as researcher. He explained that research is the team work. He gave the recent example of Nobel prize winner Bozone particle history. When scientist is announced as the winner for Bozone particle, they approached the Nobel committee and asked this prize should go to all the team members who work for Bozone particle concept. But the committee rejected the condition and decided to give prize to individual. So it time to think about the team work in research. He also said that medical teacher can play multiple role while teaching like to act as principle investigator in the research, to teach research design to students, collect data and compiled for registry and contribute to database, write article in journals and teach how to write article and most important one he will conduct responsible research with out compromise the ethics. He strongly focus that research is generating evidences which are use for solving clinical query. He also told that in era of private practice the medical teacher do not have time for research. Clinical practice is more motivational than research for teacher. So need some motivational factor for research. He said one very good statement of Enest Leroy that is Poor Surgeon hurts one person, Poor Teacher hurts 130 but Poor Researcher Hurts Millions??? So it require to focus on researcher. Medical teachers can act as best teacher and best researcher for the students. So we need to focus on this community. Third key note address was by Dr Nilima Kshirsagar, National Chair, Clinical Pharamcology, ICMR and Dean EIS-PGIMSR MGM Hospital Mumbai. She showed the comparison of publication by USA and India. It was very poor for India. Outcome research is also poor in India. She said that due to non availability of data in country, it is very difficult to withdraw any drugs from the market. She gave example of nemesulide. India dose not have policy for withdrawal of drug. The mine reason is the lack of availability of data. If medical colleges take lead in data base for adverse reaction after drug, india can able to make policy. In the first plenary session, Dr Ashoo Grover, Scientist, ICMR told about the recently developed Department of Health Research (DHR) and ICMR role in research in upcoming years. Government of India has set up department of health research with nine new function with tent one is ICMR. Theses nine new functions are promotion and coordination for applied and out come research in country; focus on research governance issue; intersectoral coordination; advance training; technical support for epidemics and calamities; investigation of outbreak; support to scientific association and societies and last is coordination with government, institutions and other organizations. DHR is focusing maily on human resource development in research and grant in aid for various projects. For human resource development ICMR is conducting series of research methodology workshops in country. They are motivating medical teachers for project proposal writing and submitting. The responses are very good from various part of country. The DHR is also focusing to develop MRU (Multidisciplinary Research Unit) in medical colleges. At present they are establishing in government medical colleges. This is very good opportunities to grab for medical colleges. The budget for one MRU is 5.5 caror. Only two medical colleges form Gujarat are selected for this year. Second talk in this planery was from Dr. Nilima Kshirsagar about sharing experience of running research cell in medical college in Mumbai. She told that the medical college authority should have long vision without that research can not develop. She shared her experience to establish malaria research center in college and long battle to get good laboratory support form authority. At last when authority got malaria they got the research center. In research initially we need to invest without immediate gain but surly research will give credit to institute in long run. She also gave example of drug interaction. They had one patient who was on eptoin for epileptic condition. It had good control on seizure with eptoin. But suddenly patient came back with frequent seizures. Initially it thought that patient did not have compliance. But patient was telling he is taking regular drug. They asked detail history and found that patient started Shankhpushpi recently as brain tonic. Later with their very good laboratory support they could identify that shanshpushpi is lowering the blood level of eptoin. So she was insisting that medical college should have good laboratory support to measure all blood chemicals. Post lunch the second plenary session was on scope and collaboration in research with medical colleges. Dr Sanjay Zodpey had focus on scope and role of clinical epidemiology in advancing research agenda in medical college- experience sharing. He mainly focus in experience of INCLEN, International Clinical Epidemiology Network and IndiaCLEN Indian Clinical Epidemiology Network. These network is working for the epidemiological studies in India and providing very good back up services. Similarly medical colleges can establish such data base and support to the research evidences. Medical colleges can take research leadership for future direction. Dr. Dilip Mavalankar, Dean, IIPH Gndhinagar had focus on the grant and scope of collaboration with various international universities. There are lots of agencies including ICMR and different agencies in government and private are giving various grants for research. Medical college can directly opt these grants. He also told that if not possible to get direct funding, medical college can act as consultant to the other agencies and earn the income. Even there are many private sector and NGO are in search of consultant for the research activities. In this condition medical college can act as consultant and earn money. The management authority can work on earning model so the faculty and institute both can earn the consultancy. The last plenary session was on pitfalls in research publication and need assessment & feasibility study for establishing research cell in medical college. The first speaker was Dr. Yogesh Marfatia, Professor & Head Skin, Baroda Medical College and Editor of Indian Journal of STD & AIDS. He showed the various weaknesses in research publications. Also he stressed on the writing skill need to develop. Medical College faculties can play major role in skill development of the new researcher for writing paper for journal. This is big scope and return to the scientific community. Dr. Deepak Saxena, Associate professor, IIPH Gandhinagar shared his experience of ICME study on need assessment & feasibility study for establishing research cell in medical college. Research leadership in medical college – This is the best time to start Research Cell in each medical college like Medical Education Unit. This leadership need to develop and monitor at state level, regional level and national level. The functions and activities of the research cell are 1. Regular training and capacity building of all the faculties for research and ethical issue 2. Research Development Committee under research cell who can brainstorm every year various topics for research and percolate to each department so there is no difficulty in searching topics for the thesis in department. 3. Fully functional laboratory to measure all chemical levels in blood including drug assay study in central laboratory. With department of pharmacy we can plan animal trial for drugs. 4. Multidisciplinary Research Unit (MRU) under Research cell where all different disciplines come closer and work together for research. Collaborative research and multicentric research 5. ICMR is giving extra-mural grant support for any research work. Research Development Committee can plan the capacity building workshops for faculties and apply for grant support. Research proposal writing workshops can plan and do regular follow up for applying grant for research. 6. Active Researcher will be identified and special incentive form the research cell for doing research. 7. Like Pre-PhD, if feasible incorporate the one section on research methodology in paper -1 of all postgraduate exams. 8. Institute can think to do consultancy on research to external bodies live government and private. The report is prepared by Dr. Niraj Pandit and views and comments are his personal. Comments welcome